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Capitals of the Persian Empire
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اtrip length: 11 days
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Highlights of Ancient Iran
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Khuzestan Castles and Forts, Iran

Acropol (Shoosh) Castle, Khuzestan-Shoosh-Iran

The Acropol or Shoosh castle was constructed by a group of French archeologists in the year 1897 AD in the highest region of the city. The same is very similar to the Bastille in France. This castle has been constructed by Dezful artists and by means of bricks obtained from Darius (Dariush) castle and some engraved bricks in the Kific script from Choqazanbil. This castle was in the hands of the French authorities before the Islamic revolution, after which it was utilised as the archeological center of Shoosh.
Valuable and important relics such as the famous statue of Queen Napirasustoon, Hamurabi Code and famed buff earthenware glass of Shoosh with a wild goat drawing have been discovered from the Acropol Hill. It took a period of 15 years to build this structure which stood as a defense fort against the attack of local clans and tribes. During Iran-Iraq war this castle was under the bombardment of Iraqi troops, and later on came under re-construction and repair.

Arjan Castle, Behbahan-Khuzestan-Iran

The Arjan Castle in Behbahan township has been constructed at the top of Sanglakh Mountain stuck to a colossal slab of stone. Rain water was used to be collected in water reservoirs of this castle through this slab of stone. The structural architecture of towers is of roman style,i.e., cubic in shape. The castle has a comparatively large courtyard, with chambers in three floors having roman styled ceilings.

Bardi Castle, Masjed Soleiman-Khuzestan-Iran

This castle is accounted as the first permanent settlement place for Parsee tribes, as well as the birthplace of Koorush the Achaemenian. It is located in the Andika sector of Masjed Soleiman. The Bardi castle is a huge structure which was built during the Elamite period and made of large slabs of stones (without mortar). At present the untouched walls of the castle has been remained.

Dokhtar Castle, Ramhormoz-Khuzestan-Iran

This castle is located to the north of Ramhormoz. The spherical structure denotes the style of Roman architecture. This castle was most probably constructed in the Sassanide reign for protection and safety of commercial, trade and military route between Shoosh, Vajar and Esfahan. Another theory is that the same was used to guard the treasury and palace of Ramhormoz, and Romans also participated in building this structure.

Rostam Gotvand Castle, Shooshtar-Khuzestan-Iran

This castle is located to the north of Gotvand Village and was erected on the top of a hillock. The walls which have been constructed by cobbled stone with a mixture of gypsum and ... have been remained. In the past, this castle was used for military purposes, and among local people it was known as Rostam palace or prison.

Simband (Taqa) Castle, Masjed Soleiman-Khuzestan-Iran

The same is a little tower or turret with one room, located on a hill in a part of Andika in Masjed Soleiman. It was in this vicinity that the Elamite captured a number of Anzanis or ( Bakhtiyari tribes), and imprisoned them. From this point of view it is of great historical value

Yazdgerd (Tashary) Castle, Ramhormoz-Iran

This castle is located near the village of Shurdin, in the township of Ramhormoz. Close to this vicinity is a rocky castle called 'Zard Bordiyeh', which has large and small crevices similar to pre-historic shelters. Besides which there are other numerous remnants such as, shelters of stone, dwellings, rooms, streets, troughs and a temple. Circular shaped castles are constructed on a foundation, and a water supply system can still be observed here.

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