Capitals of the Persian Empire
trip length: 13 days
Tehran (2) Hamadan (1) Kermanshah (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Ancient and Islamic Iran
اtrip length: 11 days
Tehran (1) Shiraz (3) Yazd (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Highlights of Ancient Iran
اtrip length: 10 days
Tehran (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Capitals of the Persian Empire
trip length: 13 days
Tehran (2) Hamadan (1) Kermanshah (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Ancient and Islamic Iran
اtrip length: 11 days
Tehran (1) Shiraz (3) Yazd (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Highlights of Ancient Iran
trip length: 10 days
Tehran (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
facebook-contact-Where-Is-Iran          facebook-contact-Where-Is-Iran                  

History of Iran timeline,The Saffarids(Safarian)

During the caliphate of al - Mutawakkil, Salih ibn Nasr occupied Sistan on the pretext of driving out the Kharijites. In order to repulse the forces of Tahir ibn Abdallah, the ruler of Khorasan, he sought help from Yaqub ibn Layth Saffar, who had made somewhat of a name for himself. Salih was succeded by his brother Dirham ibn Nasr, who appointed Yaqub as the general of his army. In the year 247/861 Yaqub seized the rule of Sistan from Dirham and began to expand the territory under his control. First he turned to the east and after occupying Bost captured Kabol from Ratbil, its independent ruler. Then he captured Harat from the Tahirids, but instead of extending his conquests to the north set out in 254/868 for Kerman. He wrested Shiraz from the control of the caliph's governor but nevertheless continued to call himself a vassal of the caliph, the Abbasid al - Mutazz Billah. In 255/869 he returned to Zaranj, his capital, and in 257/871, during the caliphate of al - Mutamid Billah, the successor of al - Muhtadi, went once again to Shiraz. Thecaliph was able to prevent him from attacking Baghdad by appointing him governor of Balkh, Tokharestan, Fars, Kerman, Sistan and Sind. In 259/873, in order to bring Khorasan under his control, Yaqub invaded Neishabur, where Muhammad ibn Tahir surrendered to him. From Khorasan Yaqub went to Gorgan and Tabarestan and then as far as Chalus in pursuit of Hasan ibn Zayd Alawi, who fled to Gilan. Then for a third time he invaded Fars, advancing as far as Khuzestan. Seventy kilometers from Baghdad, at Deyrol - aqul, he met the forces of the caliph but was defeated and returned to Khuzestan. In the year 265/878 he died from colic at Jondishapur. Yaqub's brother and successor, Amr ibn Layth, acknowledged the authority of the caliph and was thereby granted the governorship of Fars, Kerman, Isfahan, Kuh - ha (the mountains, i.e. the region of Jebal or today's Eraq - e- Ajam and Qohestan_, Gorgan, Tabarestan, Sistan and Sind (i.e. the regions inhabited by Muslims and bordering on the Indus River). In order to force Amr into a confrontation with Amir Ismail Samani, who had newly come to power in Transoxania, the caliph also issued a firman for the rule of Transoxania in Amr's name. Unaware of the caliph's ploy Amr went to war with Ismail in order to assert his authority in Transoxania and in 287/900 was defeated and captured. The territories of the Saffarids reached the limit of their expansion during the rule of Yaqub and his brother Amr. To the cast they extended to the Indus River and to the northeast to the Oxus. In the north and northwest all of Khorasan, Gorgan and Tabarestan were Saffarid territory and in the south the Saffarids occupied Kerman and Fars. However, Khuzestan can not be considered as part of Saffarid territory. After Amr the \doman of the Saffarids was limited to Sistan and the Saffarid princes were the vassals of the powerful Iranian dynasties which came into existence one after another, such as the Samanids, the Ghaznavids, the Khwarazm - Shahs, the Il - Khans, the Karts, the Timurids and the Safavids.

Skip Navigation Links.
Collapse Home-Where-Is-IranHome-Where-Is-Iran
Persian Gulf
Where Is Iran-SiteMap
Collapse Iran Tour PackagesIran Tour Packages
Capitals of the Persian Empire
Ancient and Islamic Iran Tour
Highlights of Ancient Iran Tour
World Heritage in Iran Tour
Royal Persia Tour
Islamic Arts of Iran Tour
Collapse Province-Township of IranProvince-Township of Iran
West Azarbayjan
Collapse Iran-Photo-GalleryIran-Photo-Gallery
Iran Nature Photos
Iran Nature Photos-2
Collapse Iran-MapsIran-Maps
Iran Maps
Collapse Iran-At-GlanceIran-At-Glance
Iran At Glance
Iran Geography and Nature
History of Iran
Iran Population
Iran Religion and Culture
Collapse Iran-CeremonyIran-Ceremony
Nowruz In Iran
Chaharshanbe suri, Iran
Sizdah BeDar, Iran
Collapse FAQ about IranFAQ about Iran
difference between Persia-Iran
Collapse History of Iran TimelineHistory of Iran Timeline
Ilam, Iran History
Median, Iran History
Hakhamaneshian-Iran History
Seleucids, Iran History
Parthians, Iran History
Sassanids, Iran History
Tahirids, Iran History
Samanids, Iran History
Ziyarids, Iran History
Buyids, Iran History
Ghaznavids, Iran History
Collapse Culture-Art-In-IranCulture-Art-In-Iran
Iran Culture Art
Fars Museums, Iran
Tehran Museums, Iran
Esfahan Museums, Iran
Kerman Museums, Iran
Mazandaran Handicraft, Iran
West-Azarbayjan Museum, Iran
Hamadan Museums, Iran
Khuzestan Museums, Iran
Khorassan Museums, Iran
Hormozgan Ceremonies, Iran
Collapse Historical-Monuments-In-IranHistorical-Monuments-In-Iran
Iran Historical Monument
Fars Historical Places, Iran
Tehran Monuments, Iran
Esfahan Historical Places, Iran
Kerman Castles Citadels, Iran
Mazandaran Historical Bridges
West-Azarbayjan Castles, Iran
Hamadan Historical Tomb, Iran
Khuzestan Castles Forts, Iran
Khorassan Tombs, Iran
Hormozgan Castles, Iran
Yazd Monuments, Iran
Collapse Iran Natural AttractionsIran Natural Attractions
Iran Natural Attractions
Fars Gardens Places, Iran
Tehran Altitudes Summits, Iran
Esfahan Rivers, Iran
Kerman Plains Deserts, Iran
Mazandaran Forests, Iran
West-Azarbayjan Lakes, Iran
Hamadan Caves, Iran
Khuzestan Rivers, Iran
Khorassan Recreation Places
Hormozgan Islands, Iran
Yazd Desert Attractions, Iran
Collapse Iran Religious MonumentsIran Religious Monuments
Iran Religious Monuments
Fars Old Mosques, Iran
Tehran Old Mosques, Iran
Esfahan Old Mosques, Iran
Kerman Old Mosques, Iran
Mazandaran Imamzadehs, Iran
West-Azarbayjan Old Churches
Hamadan Imamzadehs, Iran
Khuzestan Imamzadehs, Iran
Khorassan Imamzadeh, Iran
Hormozgan Old Mosques, Iran
Yazd Old Mosques, Iran