Capitals of the Persian Empire
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Ancient and Islamic Iran
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Tehran (1) Shiraz (3) Yazd (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Highlights of Ancient Iran
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Tehran (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Capitals of the Persian Empire
trip length: 13 days
Tehran (2) Hamadan (1) Kermanshah (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Ancient and Islamic Iran
اtrip length: 11 days
Tehran (1) Shiraz (3) Yazd (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Highlights of Ancient Iran
trip length: 10 days
Tehran (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
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History of Iran timeline,The Safavids

Shah Isma'il I, the founder of the Safavid dynasty, mounted the throne at Tabriz in the year 907/1502. In 908/1503 he conquered Hamadan and in 909/1504 Shiraz and Kerman. In 914/1508-9 the city of Baghdad and the surrounding areas fell into his hands. These continued to be under Safavid control until the year 941/1534-5 when Sultan Sulayman Khan Qanuni occupied the city. In 1033/1623-4 Shah 'Abbas I retook Baghdad from the Ottomans but in 1048/1638-9 Iraq fell into Ottoman hands once and for all. In the year 913/1507-8 Deyar-e Bakr and Arzanjan were occupied by Shah Isma'il, but these two provinces were lost by the Safavid in 921/1515 and continued under Ottoman control. The ,local rulers of Sharvan were subservient to Safavid rule from the first appearance of the dynasty until 945/1538-9 when Shah Tahmasb I took over absolute control of the province. Sharvan fell into Ottoman hands in 985/1577 but Shah 'Abbas reoccupied it in the year 1016/1607-8. Baku, Darband, Ganja, Qarabagh, Chukhursa'd (Iravan) and part of Georgia were Safavid territory, although several times they came under the control of the Ottomans during their invasions of Iran. From 913/1507-8 to 939/1532-3 Bedlis of Betlis and from 913/1507-8 to 955/1548 Van were occupied by Iran. Bahrain was Iranian territory and even Basra was sometimes under Iranian control. Khorasan fell into Sahah Isma'il's hands in 916/1510-11 and in addition the ruler of Balkh and Marv, who also governed Andakhud, Shebarghan, Jijaktu, Meymana, Faryab and Gharjestan, was appointed by him. In 916/1510-11 the Oxus River was defined as the border between Iran and the Uzbaks. In 922/1516 Balkh and in 932/1525-6 Marv were taken from the Safavid but in the year 1007/1598-9 Marv once again came under their control. Harat was in Safavid hands from 916/1510-11 and although it fell to the Uzbaks many times during the Safavid control. Qandahar come under Safavid rule during the reign of Shah Tahmasb and from 965/1558 to the end of the Safavid period it continued in Safavid hands, although from 1000/1591-2 to 1031/1622 and 1047/1637-8 to 1059/1649 it was under the control of the Mogul dynasty of India.

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