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Capitals of the Persian Empire
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Tehran (2) Hamadan (1) Kermanshah (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Ancient and Islamic Iran
اtrip length: 11 days
Tehran (1) Shiraz (3) Yazd (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Highlights of Ancient Iran
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Tehran (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
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History of Iran timeline,The Sassanids (226 - 651 A.D.)

Ardashir I, the first of the Sassanids, was the son of Babak, the king of Estakhr. In the year 208 A.D. Ardashir succeeded his father and went on to occupy all of Persis (Fars) and Carnania (Kerman), afterwards taking Susiana (or Elymais), Mesene (or Characene) and Isfahan. In the year 224 a battle took place at Hormozdgan between Ardashir and Artabanus V, the Parthian King. As a result Artabanus was killed and Ardashir hence forth considered himself the legitimate heir to the Parthian Empire and the king of kings of Iran. According to Noldeke's calculation Ardashir was officially coronated in the year 226. In the following year he occupied Ecbatana (Hamedan), Atropatene (Azarbaijan), Hyrcania (Gorgan), Abrashahr (Khorasan) and Margiana (Marv), and extended his territories to the neighborhood of Balkh and Khwarazm. In addition the kings of Kushanshahr and Turan (in present - day Baluchestan) acknowledged his sovereignty. Thus it was that the Sassanid Empire, which was to last more than 400 years, took its initial form. According to the trilingual inscription of Shapur I at the Kabah of Zoroaster (Kaba - i Zartusht), which has been called by European scholars res gelase divi saporis (The Book of Deeds of the Emperor Shapur), Shapur's territories consisted of the following: Persis, Susiana, Mesene, Asuristan (Iraq), Adiabene (northern Mesopotamia: the present - day region of Erbil), Arabia, Armenia, Atropatene, Iberia (Georgia), Makhelomia, Albania, Balasagan (Barasajan, in the north of Iranian Azarbaijan), Patishkhwargar (the mountainous region of Mazandaran), Media (the Jebal of the Arab geographers), Hyrcania, Margiana, Harat, Abrashahr, Carmania, Sistan, Turan, Makuran (Makran), Paratan, Hind (the Indus River delta), Kushanshahr (as far as Peshavar and Tashkand), Soghd (as far as Kashghar) and Mazun (the region of Oman). It is possible that the inclusion of some of these areas, especially Kushanshahr and Soghd, as being among Shahpur's territories is an exaggeration. During the reign of Chosroes I Anusharvan, Sassanid territory was extended to the shores of the Black Sea, that is, Lazika (present - day Lazestan, the capital of which is Kutais). In addition the city of Antioch and southern Arabia (the Yemen) were taken by the Sassanids and the region of Bactria as far as the southern part of the Oxus River was also annexed to their empire. The conquests of Chosroes II Aparvez (590 - 628) in Syria and Asia Minor were of a temporary nature.

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