Capitals of the Persian Empire
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Ancient and Islamic Iran
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Tehran (1) Shiraz (3) Yazd (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Highlights of Ancient Iran
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Tehran (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Capitals of the Persian Empire
trip length: 13 days
Tehran (2) Hamadan (1) Kermanshah (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Ancient and Islamic Iran
اtrip length: 11 days
Tehran (1) Shiraz (3) Yazd (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
Highlights of Ancient Iran
trip length: 10 days
Tehran (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
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History of Iran timeline,Taherian(Tahirids)

In 205/820 al - Mamun, the Abbasid caliph, appointed Tahir ibn Husayn ibn Masab to rule over a large portion of the Abbasid caliphate. According to the historian, Tabari, the area of this rule extended from Baghdad to the regions of the caliphate farthest to the cast. After Tahir's death the Abbasid caliphs left his descendants in control of important sections of Iran, the center of their rule begin the province of Khorasan. Finally, in the year 259/872 Yaqub ibn Layth Saffari entered Neishabur and imprisoned the Tahirid ruler of Khorasan, Mahmud ibn Tahir ibn Abdallah ibn Tahir. During the whole period of their rule, the Tahirids remained obedient to the Abbasid caliphate, sending to Baghdad the taxes which they collected from the regions under their control and going to war against the enemies of the Abbasid regime on orders received from the capital. In the year 207/822 it did happen that Tahir ibn Husayn purposefully left al - Mamun's name out of the Fridaysermon (in effect declaring his own independence), but by coincidence he died on the same night. After hearing of Tahir's death al - Mamun appointed Talha ibn Tahir to be his father's successor, or, according to other sources, he appointed Abdallah ibn Tahir to succeed his father, but since Abdallah was in Raqqa, he sent his brother Talha to rule as his representative. When Abdallah ibn Tahir died in 230/844 he ruled over Khorasan, Rey, and Samanid princes in Transoxania were his vassals, Oshrusana had been conquered during his rule and Maziyar had been taken by his lieutenants. The reasons that the Tahirids are considered the first Iranian dynasty of the Islamic period are apparently that first, Tahir was an Iranian - his geneology has even been traced back to Minuchihr, the mythical Iranian king; second, in the war between al - Mamun and al - Amin, which was in fact a war between the Iranians and the Arabs, Tahir was al - Mamun's general and the leader of the army of Khorasan; and third, the Abbasid caliphs left the rule of Khorasan in the hands of Tahir's descendants, by reason of the influence of the Tahirids in that area.

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