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History of Iran timeline,The Zand

When Nadir was killed, a situation occurred similar to what had happened at the death of Alexander the Great. The awe in which Nadir was held had destoryed the halo of reference surrounding the royal family of the Safavids. Each of the leaders of Nadir's army took the forces under his command and estabilshed himself in one of the provinces, where he proceeded to set up a government. The most important claimants to the Iran at this time were the following: 1. Ahmad Khan Durrani, one of the leaders of the Abdali tribe and a favorite of Nadir, who after Nadir's death went to Qandahar and declared himself king. He first established his rule over eastern Afghanistan and the areas of the Punjab and Sind. Then he turned his attention towards Khorasan, but finding the other claimants to the throne more poweful than himself he was content to occupy Sistan and a part of Khorasan, that is, Harat. To the east he invaded India repeatedly and in addition to the provinces of Sind and the Punjab took possession of Kashmir. 2. At Nadir's death his family fell to battling among themselves, and in fact, they have bequeathed nothing but a bloody page to Iranian history. Finally Shahrukh, the grandson of Nadir and the son of Ridha Quli Mirza, the latter of whom had been blinded during the struggles for power, was able to rule over portion of Khorasan until Aqa Muhammad Khan Qajar came to power. 3. Heraclius, the governor of Georgia and one of Nadir loyal lieutenants, returned to Georgia and declared his independence. Other important claimants to the throne include Muhammad Hasan Khan Qajar in Gorgan, Ali Mardan Khan and Abul - Fath Khan, two leaders of the Bakhtiyari tribe in Isfahan, Azad Khan Afghan in Azarbaijan and Karim Khan Zand near Malayer. The stuggle for power continued for ten years, from1162/1748 to 1172/1757. During the numerous wars which took place Karim Khan Zand emerged victorious and all of his above named rivals were put to death by his powerful and fortunate sword. The duration of Karim Khan's rule was 21 years. His territory which had became more extensive than that of the other men ruling in various parts of Iran, included the province of Basra, which he conquered and ruled over until the end of his reign. His capital was Shiraz. During this period the khans of Khwarazm, Bokhara and Balouchestan took advantage of the situation in other to declare their own independence.

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