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Capitals of the Persian Empire
trip length: 13 days
overnight:
Tehran (2) Hamadan (1) Kermanshah (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
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Ancient and Islamic Iran
اtrip length: 11 days
overnight:
Tehran (1) Shiraz (3) Yazd (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
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Highlights of Ancient Iran
اtrip length: 10 days
overnight:
Tehran (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
pic
Capitals of the Persian Empire
trip length: 13 days
overnight:
Tehran (2) Hamadan (1) Kermanshah (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
pic
Ancient and Islamic Iran
اtrip length: 11 days
overnight:
Tehran (1) Shiraz (3) Yazd (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
pic
Highlights of Ancient Iran
trip length: 10 days
overnight:
Tehran (1) Ahvaz (2) Shiraz (2) Isfahan (3) Tehran (1)
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Tehran Townships, Iran

Tehran , Tehran-Iran

Tehran was one of the villages of Ray city in the Safavid era. At the time of Mongol conquests and destruction of Ray, a large group of people migrated to Tehran village and brought about the development and flourishment of this place. In the Safavid period, Shah Tahmasb Safavid selected this city as capital and was responsible for casting special attention on this region. It was during his reign that 114 towers were constructed (in keeping with the 114 versus of the Qoran, holy book of the Muslims) and under each tower one verse from the Holy Book was inscribed The four famous gateways to Tehran namely, Shemiran, Qazvin, Doolab and Hazrat Abdol Azim were constructed during this period. Even in Qajar period in 1166 AH. during the reign of Mohammad Khan Qajar, Tehran was proclaimed the official capital of Iran and many monuments have been constructed then. During the reign of Nasereddin Shah the plan of the city was designed by Mirza Yusof Mostowfi-ol-Mamalek. There after during the Pahlavi era, it was re-newed and farther developed and with the continuation of progress after the revolution, the city of Tehran at present is the capital and considered to be the largest city of Iran and also ranks as one of the largest cities of the world.

Damavand , Tehran-Iran

The old city of Damavand is located to the east of Tehran. When Ray flourished, Damavand also prospered. But unfortunately due its proximity to the Mount Damavand, earthquakes subjected a heavy damage to this city. During the era of the Ottoman Caliphate, this city came under the invasion of the Muslims. The most important relics of this city belong to Saljuqian era.

Karaj, Tehran-Iran

This township is situated to the west of Tehran. The stony fire-temple of Takht-e-Rostam belong to Parthians and Sassanian eras, as well as the Soleimanieh palace (which is presently the University of Agriculture), the mausolum of Shahzadeh Soleiman, Imamzadeh Rahman and Zeid Palang Abad-e-Eshtehard are remnants of this region.

Ray , Tehran-Iran

Ray is one of the oldest cities of Iran. About 300 BC, one of the successors of Alexander (Solukus) named Ray as "Oriyoos". Thereafter the Parthians named the same "Arsakia" and "Arshakiyeh". During the reign of the Sassanids ‘Ray’ found its current name.In the Islamic era this city was the ruling center of ‘Bani Omayeh’ clan and during the Mongol and Teimoorian conquests claimed to be an area of invasion for several times. Ancient relics of this city which are mentioned in this text indicate the historical antiquity of Ray.

Shemiranat , Tehran-Iran

Shemiranat is located to the north of Tehran and has many sight-seeing places as well as pilgrimage sites. Some of which are summer residing quarters of the slopes of Alborz Mountains as well as mausoleum of Imamzadeh Qasem which is a monument of the 10th century AH.

Varamin , Tehran-Iran

After the destruction of Ray by the Mongols and Teimoorians, a group of the inhabitants migrated to a neighboring area known as Varamin. Varamin is considered to be one of the historical cities of Iran. The mausoleum of Imamzadeh Yahya, a relic of the 8th century AH. and the Jame' Mosque, a relic of the Eilkhani Abu Saeed are located here.

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